Persian (Tahiti) Lime
The Persian Lima, is known as Persian Lemon or “Tahiti” (Citrus latifolia Tan.), Is the best among the acidic limes, its fruits are larger than those of the “Mexican” lime and it lacks seeds for being a triploid, besides being easier to harvest at harvest time, due to its lower amount of thorns.
The tree is of a parried nature, with lower branches that tend to perch on the ground. It reaches a height of 6 to 7 m and a diameter of 5 to 6 m. Its trunk is short and its branches grow in several directions so it is necessary to always make a training pruning. Persistent, oval, oblong toothed leaves, thick, fragrant, with a bare petiole and a bright green. Relatively small hermaphrodite flowers of pinkish white color, more or less fragrant, and usually arranged in bouquets and blooms.
Seedless fruits are slightly oval, 5 to 7 cm long and 4 to 6 cm in diameter. They are usually larger than those of the national lemon or “criollo”, as it is called, they are green to dark green in color. the maturity and changes to yellow when it is over mature, its weight is 50 to 100 gr. The skin is thin and the pulp contains no seeds.
Fresh lemon juice has a wide variety of uses, seasoning, drinks, desserts, jams, jellies, and others as well as food preservation. It is industrially processed for the preparation of concentrates and the manufacture of citric acid and pectin from the juice. The essential oil is extracted from the peel and the pulp is used to feed cattle. The oil is used in the manufacture of cosmetics. It has numerous medicinal properties and is a good meliferous plant.
The consumption of lemon at the international level is different, according to the customs and traditions of each country, highlights its use as fresh or industrialized lemon for seasoning soups, meats, seafood, salads and others. It is also used in the preparation of cold lemonades in countries with warm weather, and in hot lemonades or black tea with lemon, in European countries.
Many drinks and cocktails would be incomplete without lemon. The flavor of mayonnaise would not be the same without lemon juice.
Likewise, lemon oil serves the food industry for the production of soft drinks, gelatins, sweets and homemade soft drinks.
Recently the use of lemon has been extended to the cosmetic industry for the manufacture of hair rinses and detergents, taking advantage of its qualities to dissolve fats.
This crop presents many market opportunities both nationally and internationally; especially in markets of the United States, Europe and Japan.
The importance of Persian Lemon lies in its nutritional and medicinal value and in the quantity of valuable products and by-products obtained in the process of industrialization.
The sizes or calibers handled in the US and European markets refer to the number of fruits of uniform size that can contain a box of between 38 and 40 pounds.
In the United States sizes of 110 to 250 lemons per box are accepted and in European countries 200 to 300 units.
The Japanese market is the most demanding and demands calibres of 32 – 36, 40 – 48 and 52 – 54 fruits per box of 10 pounds.
CDA – Agricultural Development Contract
BONAE employs a set of opportunities for third party farmers which include a proforma liquidity offer in exchange of future product and/or a joint venture agreement where we allocate efforts to comercialize their finished products.